Saturday, January 3, 2015

Winchester and Western GP9 Pencil Lines

Here I draw a Winchester and Western GP9.  Drawing develops an eye for detail.  GP9s are very basic locomotives, and a great locomotive to practice your skills.
As you draw GP9s for different railroads, you will find them to be virtually identical, however, to catch the true essence of each railroad, your eye for detail will begin to train itself to minor, sometimes major, differences between railroads and eras of the locomotives.
An immediate spotting difference is whether or not the locomotive has dynamic brakes.  This Winchester and Western GP9 does not.  Railroads such as Lackawanna, Southern Pacific and many others placed some orders with dynamic brakes and some orders without.  Dynamic brakes appear as a blister above the engine room doors on the mid-section of the engine.
Late model GP9s have a single fan over each set of grills.  GP9s such as this Winchester and Western unit have the dual fans.
Through the years, details change on locomotives.  Railroads move horn locations, strobe lights get added, steps get painted in visibility colors.  The more you draw, you will begin to spot the era a locomotive is from.
As you draw, you will spot more and more features.  Every next time you draw, you will find that you are looking at each detail placement and paint variation even more closely.  Enjoy drawing trains.   

Monday, September 15, 2014

Lettering-Truly an Exciting Part of the Drawing Process

Here I am lettering the Pan Am Maine Central Heritage GP9.  It is very important to stay focused when lettering.
When I begin lettering, I often start with the horizontal stripes that can often run along the top and bottom of locomotives.  It is important to measure these stripes at several places across the locomotive, as you want to keep the stripes straight.  If they begin to angle, not only will your eye catch this in the finished drawing, but also, your lettering may likely begin to slant, as well.
After the stripes are in place, I begin to letter the railroad name that is often centered on the hood of the locomotive.  First I see how many doors the lettering will span.  Next, I measure the length of this span in inches.  I then count how many letters and spaces are in the road name.
It is important to count letters accurately, and to keep a close watch on the words as you letter, as a big challenge to lettering, I find, is that even when measured properly, it is very common to run out of room on your last word.  This can be frustrating, as it is hard to see a beautifully written road name spelled out, only to run out of room for the last letter or two.  Also, when done in pencil, the paper often, at best only allows about one or two erasures before losing its texture.
Lettering is an exciting part of the drawing process.  It is when you get to see a locomotive, freight car or caboose take on the name of its owner.  I recommend practicing lettering as much as you can on scraps of paper and even freight cars and cabooses, testing to see how many times you can write a given road name in a set area, such as two or three inches.  This skill will lead to great results as you draw.  Enjoy drawing trains.

My Finished Drawing of Pan Am Maine Central Heritage GP9

Here is my finished drawing of the Pan Am Maine Central Heritage GP9.  After trimming the gold stripes and logos, it is important to fill the green ink as close to the lines as possible.  Do not be afraid to go back two or three times around logos and numbers and against the stripes to make the edges crisp.  As I mentioned, this eliminates the risk of the paper showing through.
I have also painted the underframe black.  It is very important when painting the locomotive to use two and often three coats of ink.  The first coat merely blocks in the green area.  The second coat begins to smooth out the brush strokes and even out patches that the first coat missed. 
Often, it is good to find a pen that is a close match but perhaps a bit lighter in color to use as a top coat.  This smooths out the paint and gives the scheme a sheen.  Before beginning to paint, test and see on a scrap of paper if the lighter top pen and the darker base coat look good together.  Do not be afraid to test many colors until you find the right match that works for your railroad.  Enjoy drawing trains.

Sunday, September 14, 2014

Painting Gold on My Pan Am Maine Central Heritage Locomotive Drawing

Here I am painting the gold on my Pan Am Maine Central Heritage locomotive drawing.  When painting a color such as gold against a dark green back ground, it is important to not be afraid to let the gold go a little beyond the edges of the stripes and logos.
Once the gold is painted, the over spray of gold will be trimmed with a fine-tip dark green pen.  Gold will not be seen underneath the darker green trim.
Painting gold past the edges and then trimming up to it with green will reduce the amount of white paper that shows through the drawing.  This will make your finished locomotive truly stand out.  Enjoy drawing trains.

Monday, September 8, 2014

Riveting-A Key Drawing Skill Built by Freight Cars

Freight cars such as this Rock Island piggyback trailer give you a chance to practice many aspects of your drawing.  As you work on this fairly modern piece of equipment, you may not think that you are building a very essential skill for drawing steam locomotives-making straight, evenly spaced rows of rivets.
Steam locomotives are covered with rivets.  As you begin to invest long periods of time drawing steam locomotives, you will be glad that you spent so many invaluable hours practicing skills such as riveting.  Keeping rivets straight and placing them well truly enhances the look and feel of your steam locomotive drawing.
Many early diesels you draw also have long, straight rows of rivets on their hoods.  Keeping these rows straight will allow observers to focus on your lettering and painting.
Box cars and piggyback trailers truly build key skills.  I always draw them whenever I get the chance.  I find myself drawing a freight car today so I can draw a locomotive tomorrow.  Enjoy drawing trains.

Sunday, September 7, 2014

Spotting Detail Differences on Your Favorite Railroads' Paint Schemes

It is always good to look at your favorite railroads' paint schemes through the years and see any detail differences they might have.  This helps you see details on locomotives and spot what era a locomotive is from. 
Grand Trunk Western, for example, switched from black to blue.  The red ends stayed the same, so especially in a black and white photo, at times, it can be hard to spot if certain locomotives are painted in black or blue.
Right before committing to painting, it is always a good idea to check as many references as possible to see if a locomotive is painted a certain way.  As in the drawings above many Grand Trunk Western locomotives were painted in black, blue, and also green.
Your eye will catch details, such as the longer arm on the "G" on the black paint scheme as compared to the blue paint scheme.  Many times, details on locomotives, such as horn and antenna placements give clues to the era or shop a locomotive is from.  This can give clues to variances in paint schemes, especially when looking at black and white photos.
Spotting details on locomotives is key to the challenge of lettering placement.  Notice the placement of the "GT" logo is towards the front and center of most of the locomotives, however, it is towards the rear of the GP9.  This is because the GP9 has grills located in the center of the hood, making center placement a challenge.
The more you spot on locomotives, the better your drawings will become.  With each detail you see, the more fun you will have.  Enjoy drawing trains.

Intermodal Trailer Drawings-A Great Concentraion Builder

Intermodal cars such as this Illinois Central Gulf piggyback trailer are a great place to practice and a great concentration builder.  Most piggyback trailers have colorful logos on a light colored trailer.  This allows you to focus on striping and lettering.
Lettering on a light background is a good place to start when you are practicing lettering.  This style of lettering is a little more forgiving if you make a minor mistake.
In the case of the Illinois Central Gulf piggyback logo and the Illinois Central Gulf lettering, it is important to keep the edges crisp.  When building your concentration, however, it is a relief not to have to paint around these letters and the logo once trimmed.
Your finished trailers will be very impressive.  Intermodal trailers truly are a key part of what moves America's trains.  Many railfans will recognize your piggyback trailers both past and present.  Enjoy drawing trains.